Energy Constraints in Cognitive Processing -
The Role of Constraint Satisfaction in Emergent Awareness

Tuesday, 12 June, 9:10am to 10:10am
Professor Robert Kozma
Biologically-Inspired Neural and Dynamical Systems (BINDS) Lab
Department of CS, UMass Amherst, MA
Center for Large-Scale Integration & Optimization (CLION)
Department of Mathematics, U of Memphis, TN
Recent insight on brain dynamics and cognitive processing provide important clues for the development of artificially intelligent systems with the capability of situation awareness, flexible operation, and rapid response to unpredictable events in dynamically changing and potentially hostile environments. In this talk we analyze the consequences of energy-awareness in developing new AI technologies. Energy constraint is often ignored, or has just a secondary role in typical cutting-edge AI approaches. For example, Deep Learning Neural Networks often require huge amount of data/ time/ parameters/ energy/ computational power, which may not be readily available in various scenarios. Based on neurobiological and cognitive insights, we describe the cinematic model of human cognition, which is analyzed in the context of the energy utilization in our brain. Next we outline mathematical and computational models, which interpret energy constrains as boundary conditions on the system leading to the emergence of oscillatory modes of operation. The resulting spatio-temporal oscillations implement pattern-based computing to realize goal-oriented behavior in an engineering design. Examples from distributed sensing and robot control illustrate the results.
Bio: Dr. Kozma is Professor of Mathematics, University of Memphis, TN, USA; Visiting Professor of CS, University of Massachusetts Amherst. He is Fellow of IEEE and Fellow of the International Neural Network Society (INNS). He is President of INNS, and serves on the Governing Board of IEEE Systems, Man, and Cybernetics Society. He has served on the Ad Com of the IEEE Computational Intelligence Society and on the Board of Governors of INNS. He has been General Chair of IJCNN2009, Atlanta. He is Associate Editor of Neural Networks, Neurocomputing, Cognitive Systems Research, and Cognitive Neurodynamics. Dr. Kozma is the recipient of the "Gabor Award" (2011) of the International Neural Network Society; the "Alumni Association Distinguished Research Achievement Award" (2010); he has been a "National Research Council (NRC) Senior Fellow" at AFRL HAFB (2006-2008).

Neil Armstrong, Jack Welch and Bill Belichick walk into a Bar:
Situational Reasoning for Explanatory Artificial Intelligence

Wednesday, 13 June, 9:00am to 10:00am
Kim A. Mayyasi, CEO
SmartCloud Inc., Boston, MA, USA
This decade has witnessed extraordinary advances in artificial intelligence (AI) for a broad range of applications - both consumer and industrial. Unfortunately, the promise of AI is reaching a critical juncture whereby so-called "black box" recommender systems are failing to provide useful guidance for operators and managers of complex industrial environments. This growing problem is a consequence of opaque intelligent systems, including machine learning, that do not provide explanations readily understandable to users. Machine learning is powerful; black box machine learning is limited. In fact, the more mission-critical the application, the more "explanatory AI" is required to facilitate human-machine partnering and engender trust. The author advocates a new approach to AI recommender systems using a cognitive model that reflects how experts think about achieving their goals. This is accomplished by extending the Endsley Situational Awareness model through the use of new technologies and techniques. The author believes situational reasoning is the cornerstone for a new wave of "Explanatory AI" systems. After all, experts think in situations, shouldn't our AI?

Mission-Centric Resilient Cyber Defense:
Inspirations from Collective Cognitive Behavior

Thursday, 14 June, 9:00am to 10:00am
Gabriel Jakobson, Chief Scientist
CyberGem Consulting, Inc.
Chestnut Hill, MA, USA
Everyday practice of cyber defense has revealed that often it is technically inconceivable or financially prohibitive to protect each and every IT component from disruptive events, especially while dealing with large IT infrastructures, or where the IT assets are used in dynamic and unpredictable operational environments. In order to address the above-mentioned issue, research in cyber defense has turned its attention to models of mission-centric cyber defense. The focus of this talk will be on architecture and enabling technologies of mission-centric resilient cyber defense that is based on collective and adaptive behavior of two interacting dynamic processes, cyber situation management in the cyber space, and mission situation management in the physical space. This collective and adaptive behavior assures mission continuation with an acceptable level of trust, even if the IT infrastructure that supports the missions may be compromised, while being under a cyber-attack. In this talk we will discuss how solutions that are based on the principles of mission-centricity in cyber defense and on the models that mimic human cognitive behavior can lead us to cyber attack resilient systems
Bio:Dr Gabriel Jakobson is Chief Scientist at CyberGem Consulting, Inc., a firm specializing in the development of cognitive situation awareness and control solutions for government and business applications. Dr Jakobson has authored over 120 technical publications in expert systems, intelligent databases, real-time event correlations, cyber-attack resilient systems, and cognitive situation control. He received PhD degree in Computer Science from the Institute of Cybernetics, Estonia. He is the chair of the IEEE Man, Systems and Cybernetics Society Committee on Cognitive Situation Management and the Honorary Chair of the IEEE Conferences on Cognitive and Computational Aspects of Situation Management (CogSIMA).

Sponsors and Patrons

Lockheed Martin
Charles River Analytics
Smart Cloud